Grasses & Sedges

Photos (20 species, 2 families, 3 contributors)

CYPERACEAE - Sedges (4 species)

Cyperus cristatus - White Button Sedge

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Crushed roots have a medicinal smell. Bushmen soaked the roots in water in ostrich egg shells for the anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. Also known as Kyllinga alba. (JR)

Cyperus niveus var. leucocephalus- Blunt-flowered Sedge

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Perennial up to 118 cm tall, culms crowded, bases swollen and fused into a horizontal rhizome. White flowers. (JR)

Cyperus rupestris - Russet Rock Sedge

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A perennial that normally occurs on the edges of rock sheets where the soil is shallow and moist. (JR)

Cyperus sexangularis

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A perennial sedge that is common along the Sandspruit and in the sandy area where the stream from the school dam meets Osprey Dam. (JR)

POACEAE - Grasses (16 species)

Aristida adscensionis - Annual Three-awn Grass

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An annual species, but a valuable pioneer of disturbed places. (DS)

Chloris virgata - Feather-top Chloris

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An easily recognizable grass. A pioneer species with average grazing value. (DS)

Cymbopogon plurinodis - Narrow-leaved Turpentine Grass

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Narrow blue-green leaves are the same width as the culm (leaf and flower stalk). It is a tuffed perennial grass with low grazing value due to its bitter taste. (DS)

Digitaria eriantha - Common Finger Grass

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A perennial species with a high grazing value that indicates good veld conditions. (DS)

Eragrostis superba - Saw-tooth Love Grass

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A perennial grass that grows in disturbed bare places in the veld. It is a quick growing palatable grass with average grazing value. (DS)

Fingerhuthia africana - Thimble Grass

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A tufted perennial grass often growing on gravelly soils and in eroded areas. (DS)

Heteropogon contortus - Spear Grass

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Conspicuous inflorescences that become tangled later in the season. It is a grass of average grazing value and is often found on road verges. (DS)

Melinis repens - Natal Red Top

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The attractive inflorescences make this an easily identifiable grass often found next to roads. It has a low grazing value and is abundant in overgrazed veld. (DS)

Panicum deustum - Broad-leaved Panicum

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A palatable perennial grass of shady areas. (DS)

Perotis patens - Cat's Tail

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A pioneer species. (DS)

Phragmites mauritianus - Lowveld Reed

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Common reed in the Sandspruit river, especially at the causeway. Its leaves have hard sharp tips - so be careful! (DS)

Pogonarthria squarrosa - Herringbone Grass

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This grass can be identified by its upward sloping "fishbone" appearance. It is commonly found in sandy soil but is not a palatable grass. (DS)

Sporobolus nitens - Curly-leaved Dropseed

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An important perennial grass which helps cover exposed soil. Its wavy leaf margins and tapering inflorescence help with identification. It can be seen on eroded areas close to the bird hide. (DS)

Themeda triandra - Red Grass

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A perennial grass, more common at higher altitudes. (DS)

Tragus berteronianus - Carrot-seed Grass

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A pioneer species with low grazing value that is abundant in overgrazed veld. (DS)

Urochloa mosambicensis - Bushveld Signal Grass

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A perennial grass that is common in disturbed areas. Palatable with average leaf production. (JR)